The Aorta is the main pipe from the heart to supply the head, brain and body. It is therefore quite important! To prevent backflow the aorta has a valve at the start of the pipe just after the heart. Aortic Stenosis is where either the pipe or the valve are unusually narrow or stiff. This results in the blood having to squeeze through the narrowing or the tight valve. This causes higher pressure in the pipe and makes the heart work harder. The narrowing can be above the valve (supra-valvular), below the valve (sub-valvular) or due to the valve itself (valvular). In addition to this your cardiologist may refer to it as mild, moderate or severe. This tells us how serious the narrowing is and whether a catheter (key hole) or surgery may be needed.
Click here to see the British Heart Foundation leaflet on Aortic Stenosis (AS)or click here to go to the British Heart Foundation website.
Click here to see the Children's Heart Federation leaflet on Aortic Stenosis (AS)or click here to go to the Children's Heart Federation website.